One of the many tribes I met in Rajasthan \u2013 the Gadaliyas \u2013 the Blacksmiths.\nI have posted some images and an informed article by another blogger on nomadic tribe follows.\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\u201cYears ago, when modes of transport were not so developed, nomadic and de-notified tribes played a key role. They supplied goods & essential services, provided entertainement to society and carried news about events, cultures and people from one place to another. \nThese constitute around 8% of the total population of India, majority amongst them are in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharastra. \nIn Gujarat population of NT-DNT\u2019s\u00a0 is more than 4 million.\n\nOut of the total 40 NT-DNT communities, 28 have been listed as nomadic while 12 are recognized as \u201cde-notified\u201d. The term \u2018de-notified is used b\u2019coz these communities were notified as \u201ccriminal Tribes\u201d during pre-independence and in 1952 were \u201cde-notified\u201d.\nAt one time, these communities were well respected and recognized for their skills and services. \nOne group from NT-DNTs was engaged in entertainment like Bhawaiyya, Nat, Bhand, Bharathari, Turi, and were always welcomed by the villages, and were given place in the village temple for their residence. \nWhen communities used to leave the village after a week or two, villagers used to offer money, donations towards their services. \nDuring the king\u2019s rule, these communities were given shelter by the ruler. Old documents cite examples of Village Panchayat allotting land for these communities.\nAnother group of NT-DNTs communities were providing various essential services to the society.\nThese were Vaansphoda, Kangasiya, Saraniya, Gadaliya, Vaghri, Salatghera, Chamtha, Raval etc. For example, iron tools/implements required by farmers in farming were supplied by Gadaliya, and Saraniya. Saraniya also use to sharpen the knives and axes. Gadaliya were also selling ox to farmers.\nKangasiya use to make \u2018wooden comb\u2019 and use to sell it in villages. Vaansphoda use to make large baskets out of bamboo, Ghantiya community use to make hand-mill of stone. In absence of modern tools, electronic equipments these services and service providers were of great importance to the society.\n There are incidences cited in literature where in the mid of agriculture -season if farmer has lost his ox, Gadaliya-Vanzara had given an ox with oral promise of getting money once the crop is harvested. Villages never banned NTs to put their settlement \u2013\u2018Danga\u2019 outside village. Harmonious relations are seen between the village society and NTs during those days. \nThese communities living nomadic life for centuries want to settle down, but not much co-operation is seen from the villages.\nDuring pre-independence time, De-notified communities were engaged by the \u2018kingdom\u2019 to create nuisance, and unrest in the neighboring states.\n In 1871 British rule declared 200 such communities as \u2018notified criminal\u2019. A special act was framed by the British named Criminal Tribes Act 1871.\u00a0\u00a0 \u00a0As per this act, even newly born baby in notified criminal communities were considered as \u2018criminal by birth\u2019. Every adult member of Notified criminal communities was compelled to give her/his attendance in the nearest police stations. In some places they were imprisoned. Thus, these communities slowly were detached from the society. They had to face cruelty and injustice from police, administration and rulers. So much so that, India was independent in 1947, and Criminal tribes Act was abolished in 1952. The police watch from their settlements was removed. Communities were then termed as \u201cDe- notified\u201d. \nToday India has completed 60 years of its independence, still Dafer community has to go and give their details to the nearest police station before they make an agreement with the village for crop protection, which is their only occupation now. Police has found to be misusing this details and records. Many a times DNTs are charged forum-detected crimes. Police visits their settlement Danga as it is locally known as) for investigation, arrest the male members, female members are beaten up and Danga is put on fire. As on today, many such innocent DNTs are in jails.\nIn olden days, farmers use to give part of their produce, after harvesting season to NT-DNTS. It was considered as part of social responsibility and cost of the services provided by them. This tradition has vanished with time. Due to nomadic nature of life, children are left without education. Considerable population is still not settled and is not considered as part of village or city.\nThe situation repeats in context with many other communities like Saraniya, Kanagasiya and many others. There is no need of Saraniya community for sharpening the knives, as we prefer to purchase the new one in 5-10 rupees. Agriculture is mechanized leaving no requirement of Gadaliya supplying ox. We prefer to use plastic baskets and containers as they are cheap, handy and durable thus bamboo baskets are no more required or purchased. Plastic combs are available for Rs.2 onwards, so there is no place for Kangasiya to sell their wooden combs. We prefer to either buy ready-made flour or go the flour-mill with wheat. Thus occupation of making \u2018hand-mill\u2019 is irrelevant as on today. NT-DNTs lost their occupation. It is also a loss of skill, culture, history this community carry with them. But the worst part is, they were not given other options, skill, and opportunities to cope up with this loss.\nDue to nomadic nature of life community didn\u2019t get benefit of welfare schemes or development programmes as that of the mainstream society. During monsoon season NT-DNTs stay at one particular place, which remained fixed for years. But still communities do not get \u2018Address\u2019 as residence of that particular village. Thus they will not get residence proof, no ration cards, no voter\u2019s id, no benefit of Public distribution system, Indira Awas housing scheme, no admission in the school and this goes on\u2026\u2026\nWith no house\u2026\u2026\u2026no education\u2026\u2026. no ration cards\u2026. No voting rights\u2026\u2026.Nomadic and de-notified Tribes of invisible in the glamorous and most visible state like Gujarat.\nMittal Patel\nwww.nomadictribes.blogspot.com\n\nThe post The Blacksmith Gadaliya Tribe of Rajasthan & Gujarat appeared first on The Art Blog by WOVENSOULS.COM.